What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a commonly occurring disease that is a consequence of poor oral hygiene. This disease involves an infection of your gums and can have significant effects on the health of your teeth and overall quality of life. Early symptoms include sensitive gums and gums that bleed easily during brushing.
Our team at Advanced Dental Specialty Group can provide for all of your oral health needs. This includes the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease.
How Do I Get Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease occurs over time and is a result of improper oral hygiene practices. When you eat or drink, the food debris combines with bacteria that are already present in your mouth to form plaque. Plaque is removed during normal brushing and flossing. If you do not brush properly or frequently enough, this plaque hardens into tartar.
This plaque and tartar will accumulate in pockets between your teeth and gums. Once this occurs, you will begin to experience the symptoms of periodontal disease. The pockets will grow larger if left untreated and your symptoms will intensify, ultimately resulting in tooth loss. Prevention and early treatment of periodontal disease are vital to avoiding the need for surgical intervention.
How Is Periodontal Disease Diagnosed?
Periodontal disease is easily diagnosed during an oral exam conducted by our professional team. First, they will thoroughly clean your teeth and gums. They will then measure the depth of the pockets between your teeth and gums. These pockets should be between 1mm and 3mm in depth.
If the pockets are in the normal range, our team will continue preventative maintenance to keep your teeth and gums healthy. If these pockets are in excess of 3mm, then it is a sign of early periodontal disease. If these pockets are in excess of 5mm, then you have advanced periodontal disease and will likely need surgical interventions to treat the disease.
How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
Periodontal disease can be treated with both surgical and non-surgical methods, depending on how advanced your disease is. The most common non-surgical treatment is called scaling and root planing. During this procedure, our professional will scrape the hardened tartar off of your teeth and clean the pockets between your teeth and gums. They will then smooth the tooth roots with a small metal tool to allow the gums and teeth to reconnect and heal.
Once the pocket depth has become too great to properly clean your teeth with manual tools, surgery will be required. Pocket reduction surgery is utilized to shrink the size of the pockets between your teeth and gums. During this procedure, our professional will make an incision on your gumline and scale the tooth through this incision. They will then suture the gums back into place to reduce the pocket size and allow for regular scaling in the future.
If you think you may be experiencing symptoms of periodontal disease, prompt treatment will save time and money. Early intervention will also provide the best outcome and allow our team at Advanced Dental Specialty Group to restore the health and function of your natural teeth. You can call us at 385 381-6464 and schedule your appointment today.